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International Labour Organization (ILO)

ILO Overview:

ILO Established:April, 1919.
ILO Members:187 Members
ILO Headquarters:Geneva, Switzerland.
ILO Director-General:Guy Ryder (UK)

What is ILO:

The ILO stands for International Labour Organization. The International Labour Organization is a United Nations specialized agency. The ILO sets labour standards, develop policies, and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.

Establishment of the Forum:

The International Labour Organization was founded in 1919, under the League of Nations and it is one of the oldest specialized agency of the United Nations.

Members of the ILO:

Currently, the ILO has 187 permanent members, in which 186 of the 193 are the members of the United Nations and one is the Cook Islands. Only seven countries are not members of ILO and they are Andorra, Bhutan, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Micronesia, Nauru, and North Korea.

The Objectives (functions) of the ILO:

The main objective of the ILO are

To set and promote standards, fundamental principles, and rights at work.

To create greater opportunities for women and men to decent employment and income.

To enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all.

To strengthen tripartism and social dialogue.

ILO Headquarters:

The headquarters of the ILO is situated in Geneva, Switzerland.

How ILO works:

In supports of its goals, the ILO offers unmatched expertise and knowledge about the world of work.

1. Formulation of international policies and programmes to promote human rights, improve working conditions, and enhance employment opportunities.

2. Creation of international labour standards.

3. Providing training, education, and research activities to help advance all these efforts and put these policies into practice in an effective manner.

India and the ILO:

India is an active and one of the founding members of the ILO and cooperates with the organization as per the ILO policies.