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ITU (International Telecommunication Union)

ITU Overview:

ITU Established:17th May 1865.
ITU Members:193 Members.
ITU Headquarters:Geneva, Switzerland.
Organization Type:United Nations specialized agency.
ITU Secretary-General:Houlin Zhao (China).
Parent Organization:United Nations Economic and Social Council.

What is ITU?

The ITU stands for the International Telecommunication Union. The International Telecommunication Union is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It works in the field of information and communications technologies around the world.

Formation of ITU:

The ITU was established on 17th May 1865 by the name of International Telegraph Union.

In 1934 it adopted the current name, the International Telecommunication Union.

In January 1949, The ITU became a specialized agency of the United Nations.

Members of the ITU:

Currently, the ITU has 193 member states, including all the member states of the United Nations except the Republic of Palau.

The last country which joined the ITU was South Sudan on July 14, 2011.

The ITU also has some private companies as members.

Objectives of the ITU:

The main aim of the ITU is to promote shared global use of the radio spectrum, facilitate international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, and improving telecommunication infrastructure in developing countries.

ITU Headquarters:

The headquarters of the ITU is situated in Geneva, Switzerland.

The ITU secretariat manages the budget, plans the meetings, Monitors compliance with ITU monitors, and publishes the results of the work done by the ITU.

ITU Secretary-General:

The secretary-general is responsible for managing the union and is the legal representative of the union.

India and the ITU:

India is an active member of the United Nations as well as the International Telecommunication Union.