Direction and Distance: Introduction

Direction: The place towards which a person or thing is directed is called direction. The position of one point is measured with respect to another point.

Example: A man travels 5 km. east, then he turns to his left and walks 2 km. He again turns to his left and walks 5 km. Now in which direction is he from his starting point?

Answer: Now he is North direction from his starting point.


Representation of Directions: There are four main directions, East, West, North and South, and we can further divide the main directions into four sub-ordinate directions, North-East, North-West, South-East, and South-West.


Example: A man goes 10 Km from his home in the East direction. He turns to his right and goes 5 Km. He again moves 5 Km after turning right. In which direction is he from his house?

Answer: He is in the South-East direction from his house.


Distance: The length of the space between two points is called distance.

Example: A girl walks 5 Km East, turns right and walks 2 Km, again turns right and walks 5 Km. How far is she from her original position?

Answer: She is 2 Km far from her original position.