# Statement and Assumptions: Exercise-2

#### Overview:

 Questions and Answers Type: MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions). Main Topic: Verbal Reasoning. Verbal Reasoning Sub-topic: Statement and Assumptions Questions and Answers. Number of Questions: 5 Questions with Solutions.

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumption is/are implicit in the statement.

1. Statement: Even though the number of sugar factories is increasing at a fast rate in India, we still continue to import it from other countries.
Assumptions:
(I). Even the increased number of factories may not able to meet the demand of sugar in India.
(II). The demand for sugar may increase substantially in future.

1. If only (I) is implicit.
2. If only (II) is implicit.
3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.

Answer: (a) If only (I) is implicit.

Solution: Only assumption (I) is implicit, because it is a valid reason that increased number of factories may not be able to meet the demand of sugar in India. But assumption (II) is not implicit, because it is talking about future demand.

1. Statement: The government announced a heavy compensation package for all the victims of the terrorist attacks.
Assumptions:
(I). Such incidents of terror may not occur in near future.
(II). Compensation may mitigate the anger among the citizens against the current government.

1. If only (I) is implicit.
2. If only (II) is implicit.
3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.

Answer: (b) If only (II) is implicit.

Solution: Assumption (I) is not implicit because compensation package can not gaurantee, that terror attacks may not occure in the near future, but assumption (II) is implicit because compensation package may mitigate the anger among the citizens against the current government.

1. Statement: Many organisations have switched over to online mode of examinations.
Assumptions:
(I). Candidates from all parts of the country may be well versed using computers.
(II). Online mode of examinations helps in recruiting more capable personnel.

1. If only (I) is implicit.
2. If only (II) is implicit.
3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.

Answer: (a) If only (I) is implicit.

Solution: Only assumption (I) is implicit, because the online mode of examination make sense if candidates from all parts of the country may be well versed using computers, and assumption (II) is not implicit, because the online mode of examination does not help in recruiting more capable personnel.

1. Statement: Government has decided to relocate all the factories from the city with immediate effect to reduce pollution.
Assumptions:
(I). Pollution in the city is being caused only because of the factories existing there.
(II). People may be able to manage travelling daily to the relocated factories.

1. If only (I) is implicit.
2. If only (II) is implicit.
3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.

Answer: (b) If only (II) is implicit.

Solution: Assumption (I) is not implicit, because it is not satisfied the statement, and assumption (II) is implicit because relocation of all the factories will make sense if people able to manage travelling daily to the relocated factories.

1. Statement: Gambling through lotteries is banned by the central government in all the states with immediate effect.
Assumptions:
(I). This may save innocent citizens from getting cheated of their hard earned money.
(II). The citizens may not gamble in any other way, if the lotteries are banned.

1. If only (I) is implicit.
2. If only (II) is implicit.
3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.

Answer: (a) If only (I) is implicit.

Solution: Only assumption (I) is implicit, because it is satisfied the statement completely, and assumption (II) is not implicit because citizens may gamble in any other way if the lotteries are banned.