# Statement and Arguments: Exercise-3

#### Overview:

 Questions and Answers Type: MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions). Main Topic: Verbal Reasoning. Verbal Reasoning Sub-topic: Statement and Arguments Questions and Answers. Number of Questions: 5 Questions with Solutions.

Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'Strong' arguments and 'Weak' argumentsare those which are both important and directly related to the statement. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the statement or may be related to a trivial aspect of the statement. Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered (I) and (II). You have to decide which of the argument is a 'Strong' argument and which is a 'Weak' argument.

1. Statement: Should 'computer knowledge' be made a compulsory subject for all students at secondary school certificate examination in India?
Arguments:
(I). No, our need is 'bread' for everyone, we cannot follow western models.
(II). Yes, we cannot enter the year 2000 without equipping our children with computers.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (b) If only argument (II) is strong.

Solution: The only second argument is strong because computer knowledge is important. And the first argument is weak because we can not compare bread and knowledge, these are two different things.

1. Statement: Should 'literacy' be the minimum criterion for becoming a voter in India?
Arguments:
(I). No, mere literacy is no guarantee of political maturity of an individual.
(II). Yes, illiterate people are less likely to make politically wiser decision of voting for a right candidate or party.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (e) If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Solution: No description.

1. Statement: Should schemes of voluntary retirement be introduced in all sick public sector units in India?
Arguments:
(I). Yes, excess and inefficient staff is one of the reasons of sickness of public sector organisations.
(II). Yes, this is what private and multinational companies do in developed countries.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (a) If only argument (I) is strong.

Solution: the only first argument is strong because it is true that the excess and inefficient staff is one of the reasons for the sickness of public sector organizations.

1. Statement: Should postal services be privatised in India?
Arguments:
(I). Yes, it will make life easy for the citizens of India.
(II). No, privatisation is not a panacea for all the problems, even private service can be equally bad.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (b) If only argument (II) is strong.

Solution: The only argument second is strong because it is true privatisation is not a panacea for all the problems, even private service can be equally bad. the first argument is weak because privatisation of postal services will not make life easy for the citizens of India.

1. Statement: Should system of offering jobs only towards of government employees be introduced in all government offices in India?
Arguments:
(I). No, it denies opportunity to many deserving individuals and government may stand to loose in the long run.
(II). No, it is against the principle of equality and does government not owe responsibility to all its citizens.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (e) If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Solution: No description.