Statement and Arguments: Exercise-2

Overview:

 Questions and Answers Type: MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions). Main Topic: Verbal Reasoning. Verbal Reasoning Sub-topic: Statement and Arguments Questions and Answers. Number of Questions: 5 Questions with Solutions.

Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'Strong' arguments and 'Weak' argumentsare those which are both important and directly related to the statement. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the statement or may be related to a trivial aspect of the statement. Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered (I) and (II). You have to decide which of the argument is a 'Strong' argument and which is a 'Weak' argument.

1. Statement: Should the habit of late coming in educational institutions be checked?
Arguments:
(I). No, Until it affects the work.
(II). Yes, Discipline must be maintained.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (b) If only argument (II) is strong.

Solution: The only second argument is strong because discipline must be maintained in any educational institute.

1. Statement: Should seniority be the only criterion for the promotion?
Arguments:
(I). No, All the senior employees are not interested in promotion.
(II). Yes, Otherwise senior employees do feel humiliated.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (d) If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.

Solution: It is not possible that all the senior employees are not interested in promotion and it is also not true that senior employees do feel humiliated, so both the arguments are weak.

1. Statement: Should children be prevented completely from watching television?
Arguments:
(I). No, We get vital information regarding education through television.
(II). Yes, It hampers the study of children.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (e) If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Solution: It is true that we get vital information regarding education through television and it is also true that it hampers the study of children, so both the arguments are strong.

1. Statement: Should trade unions be banned completely?
Arguments:
(I). No, This is the only way through which employees can put their demands before management.
(II). Yes, Employees get their illegal demands fulfilled through these unions.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (a) If only argument (I) is strong.

Solution: The only argument first is strong because, This is the only way through which employees can put their demands before management and if demands are illegal then the management has the rights, that not to fulfill the demands.

1. Statement: Should women be given equal oppotunity in matter of employment in every field?
Arguments:
(I). Yes, They are equally capable.
(II). They have to shoulder household responsibilities too.

1. If only argument (I) is strong.
2. If only argument (II) is strong.
3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Answer: (a) If only argument (I) is strong.

Solution: The only first argument is strong because women are equally capable and they can manage the household responsibilities too.