Statement and Assumptions: Exercise-1



Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumption is/are implicit in the statement.


  1. Statement: A leading university has begun a practice of displaying results only on the internet rather than on the main notice boards.
    Assumptions:
    (I). All the students enrolled with the university have access to internet at home.
    (II). Most of the students referred to the result displayed on both the internet as well as the notice boards earlier.

    1. If only (I) is implicit.
    2. If only (II) is implicit.
    3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
    4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
    5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.


Answer: (d) If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.

Solution: Assumption (I) is not implicit because, it is not necessary that all the students have internet access at home, and assumption (II) is not implicit because the university has begun of displaying results only on the internet so why students will refer to see the results on notice boards.

  1. Statement: In order to replenish the nutrients in the soil, it is important to grow different types of crops every alternate season.
    Assumptions:
    (I). A crop can never be grown for the second time in the same field.
    (II). If a different crop is grown in the successive season, no additional nutrients such as fertilizers are required to be added to the soil.

    1. If only (I) is implicit.
    2. If only (II) is implicit.
    3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
    4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
    5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.


Answer: (d) If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.

Solution: Assumption (I) is not implicit because, a crop can be grown for the second time in the same field, and assumption (II) is not implicit because if a different crop is grown in the successive season, the fertilizers are required to be added to the soil.

  1. Statement: If farmers want to improve their yield, they must use organic fertilizers in place of chemical fertilizers.
    Assumptions:
    (I). Chemical fertilizers have certain ill effects on health.
    (II). Chemical fertilizers do not produce as much yield as the organic fertilizers.

    1. If only (I) is implicit.
    2. If only (II) is implicit.
    3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
    4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
    5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.


Answer: (b) If only (II) is implicit.

Solution: Assumption (I) is not implicit because in the statement health is the key point, the key point is that how to improve the yield of farmers and assumption (II) is implicit because it says organic fertilizers are good to improve the production of yield.

  1. Statement: Store eatables in the deep freeze in order to preserve these for for a long time.
    Assumptions:
    (I). Food material remains eatable even after deep freezing for a long time.
    (II). It is not possible to store any eatable at room temperature even for a shorter period of time.

    1. If only (I) is implicit.
    2. If only (II) is implicit.
    3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
    4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
    5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.


Answer: (a) If only (I) is implicit.

Solution: Only assumption (I) is implicit, because it is a valid assumption for statement to put the eatable in the deep freeze to preserve for a long time, and assumption (II) is not implicit, because the statement does not focus on to store eatable items for the shorter period of time.

  1. Statement: A leading NGO decided to open a library containing books and newspapers of all major publishers in a remote village.
    Assumptions:
    (I). All other nearby villages already have similar libraries.
    (II). There is adequate number of literate people in the village.

    1. If only (I) is implicit.
    2. If only (II) is implicit.
    3. If either assumption (I) or (II) is implicit.
    4. If neither assumption (I) nor (II) is implicit.
    5. If both the assumptions (I) and (II) are implicit.


Answer: (b) If only (II) is implicit.

Solution: Assumption (I) is not implicit because statement does not give information about other villages, and assumption (II) is implicit because literacy is important to read and understand the books.




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