Statement and Arguments: Exercise-1



Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'Strong' arguments and 'Weak' argumentsare those which are both important and directly related to the statement. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the statement or may be related to a trivial aspect of the statement. Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered (I) and (II). You have to decide which of the argument is a 'Strong' argument and which is a 'Weak' argument.


  1. Statement: Should young entrepreneurs be encouraged.
    Arguments:
    (I). Yes, they will help in industrial development of the country.
    (II). Yes, they will reduce the burden on the employment market.

    1. If only argument (I) is strong.
    2. If only argument (II) is strong.
    3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
    4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
    5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.


Answer: (e) If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.

Solution: If young entrepreneurs will be encouraged, they will help in the industrial development of the country as well as they will reduce the burden on the employment market, so both the arguments are strong.

  1. Statement: Should plastic bags banned in India.
    Arguments:
    (I). Yes, it will reduce the pollution in India.
    (II). No, it will create the problem for the Indian people to carry goods.

    1. If only argument (I) is strong.
    2. If only argument (II) is strong.
    3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
    4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
    5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.


Answer: (a) If only argument (I) is strong.

Solution: If plastic bags will be banned in India, definitely it will reduce the pollution of the country, and to carry the goods, people can use other environment-friendly material bags.

  1. Statement: Should there be only a uniform rate of income tax irrespective of the level of income.
    Arguments:
    (I). Yes, this will substantially reduce the work of the officials of the income tax department.
    (II). No, this will reduce government tax collection to a large extent.

    1. If only argument (I) is strong.
    2. If only argument (II) is strong.
    3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
    4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
    5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.


Answer: (b) If only argument (II) is strong.

Solution: definitely it will reduce the government tax collection, and it will affect the development of the country and the workload of the income tax officials could be distributed by increasing the number of officials.

  1. Statement: Should school education be made free in India.
    Arguments:
    (I). Yes, this is the only way to improve the level of literacy.
    (II). No, it will add to already heavy burden on the exchequer.

    1. If only argument (I) is strong.
    2. If only argument (II) is strong.
    3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
    4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
    5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.


Answer: (b) If only argument (II) is strong.

Solution: The free education is not the only way to improve the level of literacy and definitely it will add to the already heavy burden on the exchequer, so only (II) argument is strong.

  1. Statement: Should the women be advised not to travel alone at night in the view of the increasing incidences of rape and and sexual abuse.
    Arguments:
    (I). No, instead the government should take measures to control such incidences.
    (II). Yes, it is difficult even for the police department to control such cases.

    1. If only argument (I) is strong.
    2. If only argument (II) is strong.
    3. If either argument (I) or (II) is strong.
    4. If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.
    5. If both the arguments (I) and (II) are strong.


Answer: (d) If neither argument (I) nor (II) is strong.

Solution: The relationship between statement and argument (I) is not established and argument (II) is just an opinion, so both the arguments are weak.




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