Cause and Effects: Exercise-1



Directions: Below in each question are given two statements (a) and (b). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or of a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.


  1. Statement (I): Heavy showers are expected in the city area during the next fortyeight hours.

    Statement (II): The inter-club cricket tournament scheduled for the week was called off.

    1. If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.
    2. If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.
    3. If both statements are independent causes.
    4. If both statements are effects of independent causes.
    5. If both statements are effects of some common cause.


Answer: (a) If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

Explanation: Because of the heavy showers were expected, the cricket tournament was called off. Here the rain is the cause for calling off the cricket tournament.

  1. Statement (I): A large number of employees could not report to the duty on time.

    Statement (II): Police has laid down barricades on the road to trap the miscreants.

    1. If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.
    2. If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.
    3. If both statements are independent causes.
    4. If both statements are effects of independent causes.
    5. If both statements are effects of some common cause.


Answer: (b) If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

Explanation: Because of police had laid down the barricades on the road, the employees could not report to the duty on time. Here statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is the effect.

  1. Statement (I): A large number of people live in cities in Europe.

    Statement (II): Jobs are available in cities.

    1. If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.
    2. If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.
    3. If both statements are independent causes.
    4. If both statements are effects of independent causes.
    5. If both statements are effects of some common cause.


Answer: (b) If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

Explanation: Because jobs are available in cities, a large number of people live in cities. Here statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is the effect.

  1. Statement (I): Staff members of the university decided to go on strike in protest during the examinations.

    Statement (II): The university administration made all the arrangements for smooth conduct of examination with the help of outsiders.

    1. If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.
    2. If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.
    3. If both statements are independent causes.
    4. If both statements are effects of independent causes.
    5. If both statements are effects of some common cause.


Answer: (a) If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

Explanation: Because staff members of the university decided to go on strike, the university needed the help of outsiders for smooth conduct of the examination. Here statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is the effect.

  1. Statement (I): The prices of fruits have dropped substantially during the last few days.

    Statement (II): The prices of foodgrains have increased substantially during the few days.

    1. If statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.
    2. If statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.
    3. If both statements are independent causes.
    4. If both statements are effects of independent causes.
    5. If both statements are effects of some common cause.


Answer: (d) If both statements are effects of independent causes.

Explanation: Both the statements are effects, no cause given in any statement.




Cause and Effects

Exercise-1

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